COMMUNITY POLICING AS A CRIME PREVENTION MANAGEMENT STRATEGY IN MAKINA VILLAGE, KIBERA, CITY OF NAIROBI BY CHEGE EZEKIEL NDUKUI

The study focused on community policing as a strategy where community collaborates with
security agencies to reduce and prevent criminal activities. The objectives were to establish the
implementation approaches; identify the challenges; and develop a framework that can address
inadequacies on community policing in Makina village. The study employed secondary data
from literature review for theoretical framework development and fieldwork tools. Systematic
random sampling and convenience sampling techniques were applied in the case of residents and
police officers whose sample sizes were 103 and 45 respectively. The study also employed crosssectional
study design and the data was analysed using Ms Excel programme and presented in
tables and figures.
The implementation approaches used by police officers include community partnership whereby
residents report incidences of crime to the police station, or to some stationed community
policing booths; placement of information boxes at strategic locations to allow gathering for
confidential intelligence on crime from the community; and use of community policing security
committee amongst others. The challenges found out include:- inadequate training on community
policing to the residents; inadequate resources in terms of police patrol vehicles; non holding of
confidential information, non quick response to crime scenes and/or issues accompanied by non
thorough conduct of investigations, bribery demand, harassment of people and poor customer
service by the police officers. There was also existence of mistrust between the police officers
and the residents; low level of consultation between the residents and police officers on security
matters; low organization of civic education programmes on community policing by government
and civil societies; inadequate street lighting, narrow streets and presence of many passages.

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