Study of Transformations of Built Forms in Ngara Area, Nairobi. By Kyaka J. Kyalo

The city of Nairobi is in a continuous process of change and re-adjustment of its
different parts, which are spontaneously developed or deliberately planned under
different socio-economic and political conditions in different periods.
Over time, different parts of the city of Nairobi, which is the capital of Kenya,
have undergone various physical and functional transformations. It is observed
that in spite of several controls, especially, the planned residential areas of the city
have experienced morphological transformation in land use pattern with a minor
change in the spatial layout to adapt to the community needs. As a result, the
planned residential areas tend to transform into an unplanned state in relation to
their physical layout and distribution of non-residential function (commercial
functions).
Urbanization has led to increase of urban population causing spatial expansion of
urban areas which is highly inhibited by inadequate space for expansion in our
cities; this has caused pressure on land and physical infrastructure (Sheuya, 2004).
To respond to the challenges of urbanization (rapid increase in urban population)
the current developments in the city of Nairobi are characterized by
transformations of the existing built forms and land use evidenced by alterations
of the existing built forms and demolitions for new high-rise buildings.

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